Pearl crescent butterfly, Phyciodes tharos (Drury) (Nymphalidae)

By Ashly Robertson

Pearl crescent, Phyciodes tharos (Drury). © 2011, A.V. Evans

The pearl crescent butterfly, Phyciodes tharos (Drury) (wingspan 25-38 mm) have orange antennal tips. Their wings are mostly orange above with black spots. Adults are found in pastures and along edges of woods from spring through fall. Caterpillars feed on aster plants, while drink nectar from various kinds of flowers. There are 1-3 generations or more produced annually. This species is widespread in Virginia and found throughout eastern North America to Mexico.

References

Evans, A.V., 2007. National Wildlife Federation Field Guide to Insects & Spiders of North America. Sterling Publishing Co., New York, NY.

Pearl crescent, Phyciodes tharos (Drury, 1773). http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Phyciodes-tharos (accessed 25 June 2012)

Pearl crescent. http://insects.tamu.edu/fieldguide/cimg283.html (accessed 25 June 2012)

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Painted lichen moth, Hypoprepia fucosa Hüber (Erebidae)

By Ethan Litvin

Painted lichen moth, Hypoprepia fucosa Hüber. © 2012, C.C. Wirth.

The Painted Lichen Moth Hypoprepia fucosa Hüber (25-35 mm) has bright yellow and orange colors that warn predators of their toxic tissues. The spiny caterpillars are black with yellow broken lines and spot on the back. They are found in wooded habitats during the spring and summer months and feed on lichens; the winter months are spend buried in the soil. The nocturnal adults emerge in late May and early June and are commonly attracted to lights. This species is common across Virginia and is found throughout eastern North America from Canada southward.

Reference

Evans, A.V., 2007. National Wildlife Federation Field Guide to Insects & Spiders of North America. Sterling Publishing Co., New York, NY.